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Sasaram

Sasaram is the administrative headquarters of Rohtas dstrict of Bihar. An ancient city believed to taken name from Sahasrabahu a warrior sage. Sahastrabahu was killed by Parsuram. Earlier the name of the city was Sahasram, initials of Sahasrabahu and Parsuram. it is also believed that the name of the city Sasaram came from his name Sahastrabahu to Sahasram (Sahastrabahu + Parsuram) to asaram.Sasaram is also famous for Maa Tara Chandi Temple (where a fantabulous crowd can be always observed in SHRAWAN month or in DUSSEHARA )and also for Kaimur mountain.

The two waterfalls which add to sasaram's scenic beauty are the Manjhar Kund and Dhua Kund. A fair is organised at these places every year after a day of Raksha Bandhan. These two water falls has capacity to generate 50-100 MW of electricity if utilized properly. Sasaram is also famous for Stone Chips and Stone mining industries.Rohtas in south of Sasaram known to be the residence of Satyawadi Raja Harischandra. On the name of his son Rohitashwa the district is so called Rohtas. Sasaram is also famous for the Samrat Ashok pillar (1 of the 13 laghu shilalekh) situated in a small cave of Kaimur hill near Chandan Shaheed.
Languages spoken in this region are Bhojpuri,Hindi and Urdu ; religions comprise of Islam , Buddhist,jain and Hindu. It is famous for Mausoleum of Emperor Sher Shah Suri which is built from red sandstone during 1540-45 AD.
It stands majestically in the middle of an artificial lake. The famous Grand Trunk road built by Emperor Sher Shah Suri passes through Sasaram town. You can also visit the tomb of Hassan Khan father of Sher Shah and other Muslim monuments. Sasaram is famous for being the birthplace of Afghan king Sher Shah Suri who ruled in Delhi and much of Northern India and what is now Pakistan and eastern Afghanstan for five years, after defeating Humayun, the Mughal Emperor.

Sher Shah was a great builder too. He built a new city on the bank of Yamuna river near Delhi of which the sole survivor is the Old fort (Purana Qila) and the mosque within it known for its lavishness of decoration. But his most outstanding contribution to the field of architecture is the construction of his own tomb at Sasaram, Bihar which combines soberness with elegance. The interior of the tomb is sufficiently well ventilated and lighted through large windows on the top portion of the walls. In a small arched recess above the mihrab on the western wall is an inscription in two lines recording the completion of the tomb by Salim Shah on the 7th day of Jumada, A.H. 952 (16th August 1545 AD), some three months after the death of Sher Shah Suri. The tomb of his father Hassan Shah and that of his son Salim Shah are some other monuments of architectural as well as archaeological interest at Sasaram.
Sasaram in Bihar, a dreary and dusty little town is located on the Grand Trunk Road, the famous Indian Highway built by the master architect, Aliwal Khan, in the reign of Sher Shah in the mid -16th century. Sasaram lies half way between Varanasi and Gaya. 17km west of the main railway junction of Dehri-on-Sone and the three-kilometre-long Sone River Bridge is noteworthy as the site of the impressive mausoleum of Sher Shah Suri.
It is one of two majestic Muslim monuments, which bear the distinctive heavy lines of the early Lodhi monuments of Delhi. The well-maintained five-storeyed, red sandstone mausoleum capped by a massive dome, stands in the middle of a 430-square-metre artificial lake. The 46m high dome has 22metre span, which is 4metres wider than the dome of the Taj Mahal.
The tomb was once adorned by red, white, blue and yellow geometrical designs, and the dome, once white, topped with a golden lotus. At its centre, a large octagonal chamber contains the tomb itself, while pavilions mark each corner of the building and steps lead down to the water.
Sasaram is an aceiant and dusti Town. Sasaram town head quater of rohtas district. Sasaram believed that a demon named 'Sahastrabahu'lived aroud here from the age of 'Ramayana'. Sahastrabahu was killed by Parsuram. it is also believed that the name of the city Sasaram came from (Sahastrabahu + Parsuram) to Sasaram. Sasaram is also famous for Samadhi of Shri Shri 108 Swami Paramgayanand Puri Ji Maharaj. it is situated in Parampuri(Raipurchoure)13km south from Sasaram. Sasaram is a situated in  located at Grand Truck Road indian highway 2, via Varanasi  Gaya highway 110 km from Varansi and 90km from Gaya. There are main railway station sasaram. The Rohtasgarh Fort located in Rohtas district, his 53km distance from sasaram railways station. Fort is constructed on a plateau at a height of 1500 ft above the sea level. Rohtasgarh fort  build by Raja Harishchandra.  There are any turiesm, Gupteshwar dham, Maa Tara Chandi Temple, rohtasgarh fort sasaram's scenic beauty are the Manjhar Kund and Dhua Kund for kaimur hill.
Sasaram is also famous for the Samrat Ashok pillar (1 of the 13 laghu shilalekh) situated in a small cave of Kaimur hill near Chandan Shaheed. There are mini industries famous for stone chips.
Sher Shah Suri (1486 - May 22, 1545) also known as Sher Khan (The Lion King), was a powerful Afghan (Pashtun)conqueror in medieval Delhi, India. His original name is Farid-ud-din Abul Muzaffar but his called by Farid  He later became known as Sher Khan after he killed a  tiger with his bare hands. In1537 Sher Shah Suri overran Bengal and became the new emperor after establishing the Suri Empire.
Sher Shah Suri's Mausoleum, Sasaram is one of the finest specimen of Afghani architectural style. The tomb that is made of stone rests in between an artificial lake that reflects the artistic glory and add spark to its reflection. Sher Shah Suri's Mausoleum, Sasaram is located at the headquarter of Rohtas district in Bihar and lies on National Highway number 2. The tomb is 160 kilometers away from Patna, the capital city of Bihar. Sher Shah Suri's Mausoleum, Sasaram also consists of the tomb of his son.

Bihar or ancient Magadha, has been the cradle of Indian civilization and the centre of Indian culture and education. It was the land of "Ashoka The Great" and where the origins of "Buddhism took place". Mahavira, the last Jain Tirthankara was born in the ancient kingdom of Vaishali and attained Moksha or Nirvana at Pawapuri (also known as the sinless city), 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of Bihar. It was in Bihar where the ancient universities of India - Nalanda and Vikramshila were built. It has to be said that is the people of Bihar that has shaped Indian history for generations to marvel upon for times to come.

Bihar is a landlocked state that has borders with Nepal in the north, Uttar Pradesh on the west, Jharkhand on the south and West Bengal on the east. Although Bihar is part of the Hindi speaking heartland of India, it nevertheless has several Hindi dialects such as Bhojpuri, Magadhi (Magahi), Angika, Maithili and Sarnami Hindustani. Interestingly it was this Magahi that was spoken during the reign of Ashoka. Bihar is situated on the eastern part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Bihar also has an amazing and glorious history as the centre of the subcontinent's culture and politics since ancient times. Throughout its history, from the 6th century BC to 5th century AD, Bihar has been the seat of major empires. Not to mention its heavy influence on the politics of modern India.
Patna, the capital of Bihar, has been called by several names depending upon the ruler of the city, Pataligram, Pataliputra, Kusumpur, Pushpapura, Azimabad, and the present day Patna. Patliputra was started by Ajatsatru as a fort on the junction of four rivers, particularly the Ganga and Sone. This was to defend the kingdom of Magadh from the army of the Licchavis that used to cross the river Ganga and harass the citizens on the other side of the river.
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Rohtas (sasaram) is a major tourist destination in Bihar. The district has many historical and religious sites. Some famous among them are given below.
Rohtasgarh
The fortress of Rohtas is 38 Kms away from Sasaram was named after the prince Rohitashva. Rangmahal, Shish Mahal, Phool Mahal, are the chief attraction inside the fort area.
Sher Shah Mausoleum
The great mausoleum of Sher Shah is situated in Sasaram town. This beautiful and impressive structure was built towards the middle of the 16th century.
Chaurasan Mandir
It is 1km away from Rohtas Fort and known Lord Shiva temple locally known as the Chaurasan Mandir.
Tomb of Chandan Shaheed
This is situated on the summit of Chandan Shaheed Hill. There is an old mosque constructed during the reign of Jehangir.
Ashokan Inscription and Rock-cut Cave
It is at Chand-tan-pir on Chandan Shaheed hill near Sasaram. There is a small rock-cut-cave locally called as chirag-dan near the top of the hill. Inside the cave there is an inscription in 8 lines of archaic Brahmi characters.
Tara Chandi Hill
Situated about 1-km from Chandan Shaheed hill is known for a temple having image of the goddess Tara-Chandi.
Dhurwan Kund & Gupta Dham/ Gupteshwar
Situated in the Chenari Block of Rohtas District is famous for the temple of Gupta Mahadev is situated in the caves Kaimur hills.
Tomb of Hasan Khan Sur
The old tomb of Hasan Khan Sur, father of Sher Shah is situated in the heart of the Sasaram town.
Deo Markandeya
The village situated north of Nasirganj in Sasaram on an ancient mound. This place is famous for temples of Lord Vishnu and Sun.
Bhaluni Dham
There is a temple of Parvati at Bhaluni village near Bikramganj sub division of Rohtas district.
Akbarpur
It is situated at the foot of Kaimur hills 5kms form Rohtas Fort. It contains the tomb of Malik Wishal Khan.

Manjhar Kund
Manjhar kund sasaram

It is the eastern portion of the Vindhya Range, about 483 kilometres (300 mi) long, extending from around the state of Madhya Pradesh to around Sasaram in Rohtas district of Bihar.



मोक्ष दायनी हैं मां ताराचंडी

Tarachandi
ताराचंडी धाम "सासाराम" में मेला की परंपरा प्राचीन काल से चली आ रही है। इसे वृहद रूप से 1975 ई. से दिया गया। शहर के मूल निवासी मां ताराचंडी को 'नगर देवी' मान उन्हें श्रावण माह में ओढ़नी कढ़ईया चढ़ाते हैं। 1975 से यहां 15 दिनों का मेला लगना प्रारंभ हुआ। इसके पहले यहां श्रावण पूर्णिमा का मेला लगता आ रहा है। कार्तिक व श्रावण पूर्णिमा को श्रद्धालुओं की भीड़ होने से मेला अपना वृहद रूप धारण कर लिया।
चुनरी-कढ़ईया से आती है समृद्धि
उस दिन सभी घरों से शुद्ध घी से बना प्रसाद व चुनरी मां को चढ़ाने के लिए जाता है। पूर्णिमा के दिन पंचित मिलकर जुलूस के रूप में शिवघाट से चुनरी-कढ़ईया लेकर जाते हैं|

जगत जननी मां ताराचंडी शत्रुओं के संहारक, वाकशक्ति की प्राप्ति व मोक्ष दायनी हैं। उनके दर्शन मात्र से सभी कष्ट दूर हो जाते हैं। पौराणिक कथाओं के अनुसार कैमूर पहाड़ी की गुफा "सासाराम" में जगत जननी मां ताराचंडी पीठ प्रसिद्ध शक्ति स्थलों में से एक है। विन्ध्याचल, मैहर व वैष्णव धाम की तरह इस शक्ति स्थल के बारे में कई किंवदंतियां व पौराणिक कथाएं प्रचलित है। मां तारा की साधना से शत्रुओं का नाश होने के साथ-साथ मोक्ष की प्राप्ति होती है।
नौहट्टा (रोहतास) विंध्य पर्वत श्रृंखला वाली कैमूर पहाड़ी स्थित रोहतास गढ़ किले में स्थापित रोहितेश्वर धाम मंदिर वास्तुकला का नमूना है। 10 फीट लम्बे 4 फीट चौड़े बड़े-बड़े पत्थरों से निर्मित मंदिर की नक्काशी प्राचीनता का एहसास कराती है। सावन में जलाभिषेक को यहां दूर-दूर से भक्त आते हैं। आस्था के इस केन्द्र को विकसित कर धार्मिक-पर्यटन की ढेरों संभावनाओं के द्वार खोले जा सकते हैं। माना जाता है कि सत्यवादी राजा हरिश्चन्द्र के पुत्र रोहिताश्व (रोहित) ने यहां की एक आदिवासी कन्या से विवाह के उपरांत 1595 फीट ऊंची पहाड़ी पर किला और उसमें मंदिर का निर्माण कराया था। इसीलिये मंदिर का नाम रोहितेश्वर धाम पड़ा। मुख्य द्वार के पत्थरों पर नक्काशी कर उकेरे गए दो हंस चोंच में कमल लिए गणेश की मूर्ति पर समर्पण की मुद्रा में दिखते हैं। द्वार के अगल-बगल खंजर निकालते दो द्वारपाल खड़े हैं। मंदिर तक पहुंचने के लिए चौरासी सीढि़यां हैं। जिससे इसे चौरासन मंदिर भी कहा जाता है। 10वीं सदी में बंगाल के शासक शशांक देव के शासन में कट्टर शैव भक्तों ने मंदिर का जीर्णोद्धार भी कराया था। इसका उल्लेख रोहतास का सामाजिक एवं सांस्कृतिक इतिहास नामक पुस्तक में मिलता है। यहां पहुंचने के लिए डेहरी रेलवे स्टेशन से बस या अन्य वाहनों से 45 किलोमीटर की यात्रा करनी पड़ती है। रोहतास बस स्टैंड से 4 किलोमीटर पैदल पहाड़ी चढ़ना पड़ता है। जिसमें चार सौ लोग ठहर सकते हैं। मंदिर की व्यवस्था रोहितेश्वर धाम सेवा समिति की देखरेख में है।

The girls put up a hat-trick in Inter exam
The girls have put a hat-trick in Inter exam. ISC now come first in Aekam then bet the girls are killed. Result of the IA in the district on Sunday Bseb most points in the first three places on those students who have scored the capture. Four students, Mr. Shanker college student. Known that the former last June came five Aekam result of the hoof in the district had the Agyrup result of the ISC was the brilliance Singh hoof. Result of the first three places in Aekam students had to. The third was a student in the ISC.
District, the First Division in 3767: come on Sunday in the District of IA result is better performance. IA total of 19 625 candidates attended the examination in which the first 3767, 11 487 in 1641 to the second class and third tier candidates have received. Have failed the 2630 examination.


Id –Gah , Rohtas District
Id-gah is situated in west side of Tomb of Sher Shah Suri in sasaram. It was built by Mujahidin Khan in 1633. This is important place for Tajiya celebration as a Tajiya Pahlam centre.
Naulakha Mandir, Rohtas District
Situated in Raipur Chor village of Shivsagar region. Three storied Large building was built in the memory of Swami Gyananand Jee. Distance of 12Km North From Sasaram ralway station. On the account of his birthday and Basant Panchami celebration is organized. 


Hotal In Sasaram

 Shershah Vihar- Beda Canal, Fazalganj
 
Gopal Hotal- Dharmsala road, near Railway station

Jay Hotal- (Dharmsala road, near Railway station)

Hotal Rohit International- Kanoudia, new Area Sasaram

Hotal Maurya- Rauza Road Sasaram